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Here Are The Kinds Of Dyslexia

A lot of people are getting confused with the meaning of the dyslexia.

What exactly is dyslexia?

Dyslexia actually has two meanings.

The first meaning is the literal meaning since it is based on the etymology of the word itself, “Dys” means problematic or wrong then “lexia” means pertaining to letters or words. The literal meaning of dyslexia is problems with words. Those people that have difficulty in reading has dyslexia.

The second meaning is more wider when it comes to its use and its application. This is mostly used by dyslexic adults and by parents of dyslexics. In the application part, dyslexia refers to a lot of symptom such as problems with spelling, writing and reading, poor memory, does not have physical coordination and has difficulty in hearing.

This means that the word dyslexia really depends on how it is being used.

In the year 1973, Newcombe and Marshall divided the word dyslexia and they provided descriptions for every kind. The first ideas were about the double deficit dyslexia, surface dyslexia and phonological dyslexia.

Here are the types of dyslexia:

A. Surface dyslexia

The symptom of surface dyslexia is when the person is having mistakes and is inconsistent with the English pronunciation. Here is an example, the word bowl is pronounced as howl and the word pretty is pronounced as jetty.

B. Phonological dyslexia

Phonological dyslexia actually refers to the failure of adapting the phonics of the English language. People that have phonological dyslexia have problems in reading new words.

C. Double deficit dyslexia

There are people that have both kinds of dyslexia such as phonological dyslexia and surface dyslexia and the term that they use for this condition is double deficit dyslexia.

D. Visual dyslexia and auditory dyslexia

Both of these types are derived from the magnocellular theory of dyslexia. In this theory, people with dyslexia are neurologically weak in their magnocellular cells in the thalamus part of brain. This part of the brain is where they process visual and auditory information.

There are studies that shows, that people with dyslexia have difficulties in processing auditory information and visual information.

Children that have poor visual skills but have average hearing skills can be diagnosed as visual dyslexia, and those children that have poor hearing skills but average visual skills are diagnosed with auditory dyslexia.diagnosed with auditory dyslexia.

E. Orthographic dyslexia

Orthography is a group of letters and symbols that will make a language. The english alphabet has 26 letters, while for the Chinese and Japanese language they have thousands of different types of symbols. This means that orthographic dyslexia refers to problems in manipulating and identifying letters in spelling, writing and reading.

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